Examples of 4B/45 and 8B/6T Data Encoding

4B5B Example

In order to send information using 4B5B encoding, the data byte to be sent is first broken into two nibbles. If the byte is 0E, the first nibble is 0 and the second nibble is E. Next each nibble is remapped according to the 4B5B table. Hex 0 is remapped to the 4B5B code 11110. Hex E is remapped to the 4B5B code 11100.

In 100BASE-FX and 100BASE-TX, the 4B5B replacement happens at the PCS sublayer of the Physical layer. Information is then further encoded for transmission using NRZI in 100BASE-FX at the PMA sublayer, and MLT-3 in 100BASE-TX at the PMD sublayer.

4B5B Encoding Table
Data (Hex) (Binary) 4B5B Code
0 0000 11110
1 0001 01001
2 0010 10100
... ... ...
D 1101 11011
E 1110 11100
F 1111 11101

8B/6T Example

In order to send information using 8B6T encoding, the value of the data byte is compared to the values in the 8B6T table. Every possible byte has a unique 6T code, a set of 6 tri-state symbols. Unlike 4B5B, 8B6T completely prepares the data for transmission; no further encoding is required.

100BASE-T4 is currently the only technology which uses 8B6T encoding. It performs 8B6T encoding at the PCS sublayer of the Physical layer. 100BASE-T4 then demultiplexes the 6T codes onto three wire pairs.

8B6T Encoding Table
Data (Hex) (Binary) 8B6T Code
00 0000 0000 +-00+-
01 0000 0001 0+-+-0
.... .... .... ......
0E 0000 1110 -+0-0+
.... .... .... ......
FE 1111 1110 -+0+00
FF 1111 1111 +0-+00

WildPackets is now Savvius

For the latest information on our products and services please go to our new site at www.savvius.com.

We are in the process of migrating some of our legacy content to our new site, so Wildpackets.com is still available. If the content you are looking for has already been migrated we will automatically redirect you.